Vol. 14 of the scientific journal Acta Universitatis Sapientiae Film and Media Studies has been published with an issue on Histories, Identities, Media. You can find my contribution ‘Collective Cultural Memory as a TV Guide: “Living” History and Nostalgia on the Digital Television Platform’ here. In this article, I reflect on how modern audiences engage with representations of the past in a particular way via the medium of television, negotiating a shared understanding of the past. This is evidenced by the increasing popularity of reboots, newly developed history and documentary programming, re-use of archival footage and nostalgia content. This article takes a closer look at television’s abilities to circulate and contextualize the past in the current era of convergence through narrowcasting or niche programming on digital television platforms, specifically via nostalgia programming. Such platforms exemplify the multifaceted way of looking at and gaining access to television programming through a variety of connected platforms and screens in the current multi-platform era. Since the way in which television professionals (producers, schedulers, commissioners, researchers) act as moderators in this process needs to be further analysed, the article places an emphasis on how meaningful connections via previously broadcast history and nostalgia programming are also curated, principally through scheduling and production practices for niche programming – key elements in television’s creative process that have received less academic attention. Continue reading
I was invited to give a talk/lecture on Working with audiovisual sources [‘Werken met audiovisuele bronnen’] as part of the DH Clinics programme, Dag 5: Werken met audiovisueel materiaal en geografische informatie, organized by Lotte Wilms (KB), Ben Companjen (Centre for Digital Scholarship, UBL) and Michiel Cock (UBVU). In my talk I focused on methods for working with and analysing audiovisual sources, and which types of audiovisual sources are available for research. I reflected on my work with audiovisual platforms such as EUScreen. I also discussed workflows of scholars in Media Studies and tool and source criticism in relation to doing research with different AV sources.
I am looking forward to be conducting a workshop together with dr. Sabrina Sauer at the Digital Humanities Days 2017 at the University of Groningen. Our workshop on ‘Digital exploratory search: Discover new research questions and create narratives with audiovisual sources’ invites humanities researchers who want to use audiovisual sources in their research, are curious about how exploratory search tools can aid their research process, and want to know more about narrative creation about historical media events, using both English and Dutch audiovisual sources. How do searching for audiovisual sources and storytelling interrelate? This is one of the questions that drives the researchers of DIVE+. DIVE+ is an open linked exploratory search browser that facilitates the exploration of diverse archival and museum collections, and allows researchers to investigate how different media objects, events, people and concepts can be compared, connected, and contextualized. But how do humanities researchers create narratives, and develop research questions when they use the possibilities offered by linked data? Based on previous research into the search and storytelling practices of media professionals who use digital audio-visual archives, this workshop’s starting point is the notion that searching for audio-visual material (the search technologies used) changes the stories one can tell.
Looking forward to the upcoming IAMHIST 2017 XXVII conference on ‘Media History and Violence’ at the University Paris 2 (CARISM) in Paris, France, where I will be presenting current research within the CLARIAH Research Pilot project Narrative Disruption on ‘(Re-)Presenting the Assassination of Pim Fortuyn as a disruptive media event,’ as part of the panel ‘Critical perspectives on historical events and the role of the archive’, and I also will be chairing a conference panel on ‘Public and historical figures’. You can find the full programme here.
At the conference DHBenelux 2017, I was also very happy to participate in the panel “A Pragmatic Approach to Understanding and Utilising Events in Cultural Heritage” together with Lora Aroyo, Chiel van den Akker, Marnix van Berchum, Lodewijk Petram, Gerard Kuys, Tommaso Caselli, Jacco van Ossenbruggen, Victor de Boer and Sabrina Sauer. You can find the panel contributions here:
I co-presented a paper with dr. Sabrina Sauer at the DHBenelux conference hosted by Utrecht University on the 4th of July, titled “Getting the Bigger Picture: An Evaluation of Media Exploratory Search and Narrative Creation”. You can find the PPT on SlideShare and the conference programme here.
Getting the Bigger Picture: An Evaluation of Media Exploratory Search
and Narrative Creation
Berber Hagedoorn and Sabrina Sauer
Abstract: Digital Humanities centres on questions that are raised by and answered with digital tools in the Humanities. At the same time, it interrogates the value and limitations of digital methods in Humanities’ disciplines. While it is important to understand how digital technologies can offer new venues for Humanities research, it is equally essential to understand – and therefore, being able to interpret – ‘the user side’ of Digital Humanities. Specifically, how Humanities researchers appropriate and domesticate search tools to ask and answer new questions, and apply digital methods. Previous user research in Digital Humanities concentrates on assessing, for example, how and why Digital Humanities benefits from studies into user needs and behaviour (Warwick, 2012), user requirement research, as well as participatory design research (Kemman & Kleppe, 2014). Continue reading
New publication (in Dutch) is out! You can find it here in the open access peer reviewed journal Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis (Journal of Media History). In modern society, television is one of the most important media for (re-)presenting the past. In this new article, I focus on the poetics of history on television broadcasts in relation to the manner in which these broadcasts present our past as well as our collective memory. This study rebuts criticism of television as a medium for historical accounts by demonstrating how professionals in the field actively display an extensive knowledge and understanding of the past, provide frameworks for the contextualization of audiovisual materials and depth, and apply and operate specific functions of different representation tools in their productions. To gain insight into the way television producers interact with history, this study combines qualitative textual analysis of the broadcasts and an approach from the field of production studies: diverse in-depth interviews and analysis of internal documents. The case study chosen for this research was Andere Tijden, a history program based on archive material and produced by NTR (formerly known as NPS) and VPRO for the Dutch Broadcast Foundation, from 2000 onwards. The case study demonstrates how television producers’ mediation of history is an important practice in the search for history and memories and the conservation and presentation thereof. The analysis reveals the possibility of more cohesive poetics with regard to history on broadcast television and offers insight into the objectives, strategies and conventions of television producers. Special attention is paid to the more implicit practices of selection and interpretation of material by television producers as curators of the past. These implicit practices are made explicit on a cultural-historical, institutional and textual level.